Do you know that improper disposal of hazardous waste can cause several diseases? Some of those diseases are discussed below.
Sometimes, hospital staff shows negligence when it comes to the issue of medical waste disposal. Medical waste is infectious in nature and contains a variety of deadly pathogens. Improper handling of this waste can release pathogens into the environment, which can result in the outbreak of diseases, according to the WHO. Some of those diseases are mentioned below.
Medical waste releases airborne aerosols, which also contain pathogens. One of the common pathogens found in these aerosols is the respiratory syncytial virus, which results in various lung infections like pneumonia, influenza and tuberculosis.
It isn’t a no-brainer that labs that conduct tests for parasitic infection have specimens that are positive for parasites. Generally, these specimens are kept for testing and discarded after they have been used. The downside of improper disposal of these specimens is that the parasites in them can survive and even thrive in the waste. They can cause infections if they come into contact with humans.
Hepatitis and HIV
Medical waste often contains sharp objects like needles, which contain human blood and other bodily fluids. Exposure to blood can easily result in HIV and Hepatitis B and C. Furthermore, the infections caused by blood exposure can be deadly, if not taken care of promptly. This is why sharp waste objects should be sealed in special plastic containers before they are disposed of.
Another common disease caused by the improper disposal of infectious waste is meningitis. Meningitis is caused when one gets exposed to bodily fluids. Some of the most common symptoms of meningitis include membrane inflammation in the areas surrounding the spinal cord and brain.
As the name suggests, the disease Candida is caused due to the yeast candida albicans. This disease is common among patients who have spent a considerable amount of time admitted to a hospital. Most hospital wastes release a significant amount of pathogens in the air, which take their toll on admitted patients as well as the hospital staff. Candida can be potentially fatal for people with weak immune systems, which includes in particular pregnant women, old people and young children.
One of the deadliest diseases caused by the improper disposal of infectious waste is Bacteremia. The presence of bacteria in one’s bloodstream contributes to this disease. Not only does it cause inflammation, but it can also infect your organs. Such bacteria are introduced into your bloodstream through injections and drips.
These were just some of the many diseases caused by the improper disposal of infectious waste.