Renovating your basement into another living area is a great way to extend the square footage of your home! You can build rooms that are just as comfortable as any other areas of the house, and even install plumbing that allows for bathrooms and other everyday appliances. Once you are planning your basement space and are ready to begin getting building materials, it is important to take the time to get your plumbing portion prepared as well. The plumbing will be the very first thing to be addressed when doing a basement renovation since it deals so closely with the foundation of the basement and will also be concealed by the floors and walls of the rooms you build.
Having a licensed plumber and plumbing that abides by the local codes is also important, so after the plans are all together, you will want to hire one to help come take a look. As they say, there is nothing rough about rough plumbing (the initial plumbing installation), since it crucial that your pipes are installed in the exact location you need them to be before setting them in concrete during the foundation installation.
First off, be sure to think about every part of the rooms you have planned for in the basement that will require plumbing. Any room that will contain appliances that utilize water lines or any fixtures like sinks or tubs that require a means of draining should be your focus. The dimensions of those fixtures, like a shower stall, for example, are necessary for knowing where the drain will be located that you need the plumbing for. You will know where walls need to be placed between fixtures as well, as is the case with a shower that is up against a toilet, yet separated by a privacy wall.
The trenches will be the next order of business once the measurements and spacing out has been done. The trenches make the room for the plumbing to be placed throughout the foundation and ultimately create the network of pipes that will create the network of plumbing your entire basement will need. The more able you are to tie into preexisting plumbing of the home, the better, otherwise you will have to dig far outside the home to renew the plumbing. Lastly, be sure to have the right tools for the job. This might look like a a grinding wheel with a diamond blade, instead of a regular metal blade, if you run into pipes made of materials like cast-iron.
Preparing your plumbing to function properly takes appropriate planning, not just its placement! A series of traps (that all plumbing fixtures need) and vents must work together correctly to help relieve water from the basement properly. As the water leaves the pipes, air must fill in behind it to allow it to eliminate from the basement smoothly instead of bulkily with loud gurgling. Some situations might benefit from a wet vent. A wet vent occurs when you upsize the usual drain pipe so that it can also act as a vent for the shower and toilet. Once all of the pipes are set in place, you should then be able to glue them all together so they can set appropriately. Taping the pipes to rebar driven into the foundation will also help keep the pipes in place during the concrete installation, and covering the drains with plastic cups or sheeting will also keep them protected from concrete.
We at Jack Ward & Sons Plumbing Co. hope that your basement renovation goes well with the help of all of these tips. If you are feeling like this job might be larger than you would like for a DIY project, give us a call at (615) 227-2811 and our team of plumbing professionals will give you a hand.